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Maintaining good oral hygiene is an essential way to keep not only your teeth but your gums healthy as well. If you’ve ever experienced painful or inflamed gums, you might be suffering from gum disease. A study found that nearly half of adults in America are living with gum disease.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
Gum disease occurs when bacteria begin to infect and erode your gum tissue. It can quickly become severe and turn into other diseases.
You may have developed gum disease if you experience any of the following:
- Red or swollen gums
- Severe oral pain
- Your gums bleed when you brush or floss
- Your teeth loosening or separating
- Receding gums
- Change in the fit of your dentures
Who’s at Risk for Gum Disease?
Bacteria is in our environment as well as the food we eat, making your teeth and gums vulnerable to decay and disease. However, certain behaviors, aside from poor oral hygiene habits, put you at a higher risk of developing gum disease than others.
People who smoke, overuse drugs and alcohol, eat poorly, or have medical conditions such as diabetes should visit their dentist regularly to be examined for gum disease.
Stages of Gum Disease
While some people can cure their gum disease quickly, others may suffer from severe cases of it that cause more pain and even permanent damage. Dr. Ang will look for specific symptoms to determine what stage your condition is at.
- Gingivitis — This is the earliest form of gum disease. It occurs when plaque builds up along the gum line and causes redness, swelling, and bleeding. Gingivitis can be quickly and easily treated.
- Periodontitis — In this stage, plaque starts to infect your gum tissue and may start to become trapped underneath your gums as well. This stage requires in-depth professional treatment to cure.
- Advanced Periodontitis — This is the most severe stage of gum disease and can cause permanent damage. It affects the bones and fibers of the teeth and may result in tooth extraction.
Treating Your Condition
Good oral health is essential and plays a significant role in the general healthiness of your body as well. If you do develop gum disease, it’s crucial to have it treated before it becomes worse or causes medical conditions. Dr. Ang offers a variety of treatment methods to ensure your infection is completely eliminated.
Scaling and Root Planing
Deep cleaning treatment is used to remove the plaque from your gums. We’ll simply scrape away the bacteria in a process called scaling, and smooth it out using the process of root planing. This prevents bacteria from re-forming on the gums.
Our hygienists here at Amherst Village Dental use an ultrasonic scaler to blast the tartar from your teeth and remove stains painlessly.
Dr. Ang uses two different kinds of lasers to treat moderate to severe gum disease. He uses a soft tissue laser to disinfect the gums, and his microlaser is used in the scaling and root planing procedure.
If your disease has caused your gums to recede and expose your roots, he’ll use gum grafts to cover them. Dr. Ang does this by taking healthy tissues from other areas of your palate and using it for the grafts. The treatment also reduces pain and sensitivity and minimizes the spread of decay.
Regenerative Bone Graft
When you have advanced periodontitis, surgery may be needed to treat it. Since this condition deteriorates part of your bone, this procedure restores your bone and promotes healthy bone growth in the future.
Gum disease is a serious condition that should be treated right away. If you experience any of the symptoms listed above, contact our office at (603) 673-5510 with any questions.
We also recommend implementing good oral hygiene habits, eating healthy, and avoiding smoking to keep your gums healthy in between check-up exams.
To request an appointment, please fill out the form provided.